来自 威尼斯国际官方网站 2019-11-14 16:38 的文章
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异步和等待

   在.Net 4.5中,通过async和await两个关键字,引入了一种新的基于任务的异步编程模型(TAP)。在这种方式下,可以通过类似同步方式编写异步代码,极大简化了异步编程模型。如下式一个简单的实例:

static async void DownloadStringAsync2(Uri uri)
    {
        var webClient = new WebClient();
        var result = await webClient.DownloadStringTaskAsync(uri);
        Console.WriteLine(result);
    }

威尼斯国际官方网站 ,  而之前的方式是这样的:

static void DownloadStringAsync(Uri uri)
    {
        var webClient = new WebClient();
        webClient.DownloadStringCompleted += (s, e) =>
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Result);
            };
        webClient.DownloadStringAsync(uri);
    }

也许前面这个例子不足以体现async和await带来的优越性,下面这个例子就明显多了:

public void CopyToAsyncTheHardWay(Stream source, Stream destination)
    {
        byte[] buffer = new byte[0x1000];
        Action<IAsyncResult> readWriteLoop = null;
        readWriteLoop = iar =>
        {
            for (bool isRead = (iar == null); ; isRead = !isRead)
            {
                switch (isRead)
                {
                    case true:
                        iar = source.BeginRead(buffer, 0, buffer.Length,
                            readResult =>
                            {
                                if (readResult.CompletedSynchronously) return;
                                readWriteLoop(readResult);
                            }, null);
                        if (!iar.CompletedSynchronously) return;
                        break;
                    case false:
                        int numRead = source.EndRead(iar);
                        if (numRead == 0)
                        {
                            return;
                        }
                        iar = destination.BeginWrite(buffer, 0, numRead,
                            writeResult =>
                            {
                                if (writeResult.CompletedSynchronously) return;
                                destination.EndWrite(writeResult);
                                readWriteLoop(null);
                            }, null);
                        if (!iar.CompletedSynchronously) return;
                        destination.EndWrite(iar);
                        break;
                }
            }
        };
        readWriteLoop(null);
    }

    public async Task CopyToAsync(Stream source, Stream destination)
    {
        byte[] buffer = new byte[0x1000];
        int numRead;
        while ((numRead = await source.ReadAsync(buffer, 0, buffer.Length)) != 0)
        {
            await destination.WriteAsync(buffer, 0, numRead);
        }
    }

可参看微软的官方网站:Visual Studio Asynchronous Programming,其官方文档Task-Based Asynchronous Pattern Overview介绍的非常详细, VisualStudio中自带的CSharp Language Specification中也有一些说明。

 

源自:

 

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